Thoothukudi District, also known as Tuticorin District is a district in Tamil Nadu state in southern India. The district was formed by dividing Tirunelveli district in 1986 and Thoothukudi is the district headquarters. The district is known for pearl cultivation, with an abundance of pearls being found in the seas offshore. It was formerly ruled by one of the oldest kingdoms in India, the Pandyan Dynasty with the port of Korkai through which trade with Rome happened. The archaeological site at Adichanallur holds the remains of the ancient Tamil civilisation. As of 2011, the district had a population of 1,750,176 with a sex-ratio of 1,023 females for every 1,000 males.

Thoothukudi district is situated in the south-eastern corner of Tamil Nadu. It is bounded on the north by the districts of Tirunelveli, Virudhunagar, and Ramanathapuram, on the east and southeast by the Gulf of Mannar and on the west and southwest by Tirunelveli district. The total area of the district is 4621 km². The district of Thoothukudi was carved out as a separate district on 20 October 1986 as a result of bifurcation of the Tirunelveli district.

Salt production

The district constitutes 70 per cent of the total salt production of Tamil Nadu and 30 per cent of that of India. Tamil Nadu is the second largest producer of Salt in India next to Gujarat.

Transport

National Highway 45B, 7A and State Highways SH-32,33,40,44,75,76,77,93,176 connect to other parts of the State. Government buses connect the district with other parts of state. Vanchimaniyachi and Tuticorin station are major stations of Indian railway. The Port of Tuticorin provides container services. Tuticorin Airport is situated near Vaigaikulam and currently has flights from Chennai Tuticorin is the one of the cities which is having four ways of transportation (Road ways, Airways, Seaways and Railways).

Tourism

Apart from being a commercial Center, this is an exotic tourist attraction for its sunny and pristine sandy beaches. Sea sports like surfing and paragliding facilities are also available. There are a lot religious and historically important places around Tuticorin. The district headquarter is well connected by road, rail, air and sea. People of the district hope to generate significant revenue from developing tourism sector.

1. Kulasekharapatnam Beach.

2. Lord Subramanya Temple, Thiruchendur.

3. Holy Cross Church, Manapad.

4. Harbour Beach, Tuticorin.

5. Roche Park, Tuticorin.

6. Pearl Beach, Tuticorin.

7. Our Lady of Snows Basilica, Tuticorin.

8. Panchalankurichi, a village with historic importance.

9. Kayalpattinam Beach.

10. Samanar palli, Kalugumalai.

11. Hare Island, Tuticorin.

12. Arulmigu Sudalaimadasamy (Highcourt Maharaja) Temple, Aarumugamangalam.

13. Arulmigu Sri karkkuvel ayyanar temple, Therikudiruppu.